Anthracnose is a disease caused by a fungus Colletotrichum musae and attacks the fruit.

It is most common on cooking bananas. Its symptoms include initially, small black circulm specks on the flowers and skin, and distal ends of banana hands.

The damage increases in size and later become sunken and coalesces, forming large spots on the surface.

As the fruit matures, typical spots develop. In severe cases the fruit is entirely covered with dark blemishes.

It is however observed that only the cosmetic value is lost. The quality of pulp is not affected by the disease. However, for expoa .fruits,

It is a major disease because affected fruits are rejected.Export fiuits require treatment with fungicides recommendations of which vary with distributors in the consumer country.

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The vast majority of the bananas currently grown and consumed were not conventionally bred but are selections made over probably thousands of years from naturally occurring hybrids. Cultivated bananas are very nearly sterile and as a consequence are not propagated from seed but rather through vegetative propagation, primarily suckers as well as more recently micropropagated or tissue cultured bananas. These factors, very old selections, near sterility and vegetative propagation, mean that these bananas have not been genetically improved either for resistance or improved quality and are becoming increasing in affected by serious pests and diseases.

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